Cancer

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division and the ability of these cells to invade other tissues, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue (invasion) or by migration of cells to distant sites (metastasis) [1]. Tobacco use, dietary factors, infectious agents, reproductive and sexual […]

Cardiovascular Disease

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to conditions that affect the heart or blood vessels, including: arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, heart failure, hypertension (high blood pressure), and cerebrovascular heart disease (stroke), to name a few [1]. CVD is 1.5 times higher among First Nations and Inuit Populations than in […]

Depression

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Depression is a mental disorder that presents with the following symptoms: feelings of sadness; loss of interest or pleasure; guilt, low self esteem; irregular sleep patterns; suicidal thoughts and attempts; loss of appetite, and poor concentration [1]. Aboriginal people are more likely than the general population to be […]

Diabetes

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Diabetes is a chronic illness characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin needed to break down sugar. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body produces little or no insulin, and Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot use insulin to break down sugar. The Public Health Agency […]

HIV / AIDS

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus HIV, which progressively weakens the immune system, leaving the body susceptible to infections and diseases. HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through unprotected sex, hypodermic needles, blood transfusions, pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. Among the Aboriginal population in Canada, […]