Alcohol Use

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Alcohol use has been identified as a problem among Aboriginal communities and can lead to violence, sexual and physical abuse, accidents, self-inflicted injury, and death [1]. However, data on the extent and impact of alcohol use on Aboriginal communities are lacking. A number of risk factors have been […]

Body Mass Index

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Body Mass Index (BMI) is the most common measurement of body weight and is calculated by dividing a person’s height, squared (kg/m2). In Canada, body weight classes are categorized by BMI values (obese: BMI = 30, overweight: BMI = 25.0-29.9, underweight: BMI < 18.5, normal weight: BMI = 19.0-24.9). […]

Education

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Education is the gradual acquisition of knowledge, skills, and values through formal instruction or other informal teachings, such as hands-on experience [1]. Educational attainment refers to the highest level of schooling a person has attained in elementary and secondary school, or post-secondary education completed (e.g., trades, college, university), […]

Housing

A Culturally-Relevant Perspective on This Issue Introduction Housing accessibility and quality are an important determinant of health. Both poor quality and lack of accessible housing can affect physical and mental health through exposure to toxins, insects, rodents, structural problems, and social living conditions (housing tenure, satisfaction, overcrowding) [1]. Crowded living conditions can also result in […]